What is ISLÂM
Islâm is submission to the will of GOD ALMIGHTY (through which men acquire inner peace), and the acceptance of, and obedience to the teachings of Almighty God whose name in Arabic is Allâh, just as the name of God in French is Dieu, in Spanish Dios, in Latin Deus, in Portuguese and Galician Deus, and in Italian Dio, and so on. Allâh is the same Abrahamic God worshipped by Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Arab Christian and Arab Jews refer to God with his Arabic Name: Allâh.
The Divine QUR’ÂN
The Holy Qur’ân which is the last revelation from God, was revealed unto Prophet Mohammad PBUH through Archangel Gabriel (Jibril in Arabic), over a period of approximately 23 years, when Muhammad PBUH was 40 years old, and throughout the remainder of his (Prophet Mohammad’s PBUH) life, until his death at age 63. The Divine Qur’ân deals with issues concerning mankind’s life on earth and after death, provides guidelines and detailed instructions for a just and fair society, proper human conduct, and a viable economic system. But the basic theme of the Divine Qur’ân is the relationship of God and His creatures.
PROPHET MUHAMMAD PBUH
Prophet Muhammad PBUH was born in Makkah in the year 570 A.D. His father Abdullâh Ben AbdulMuttaleb who was from the respected family of Quraish, died few months before he (Prophet Muhammad PBUH) was born. Prophet Muhammad’s mother Âminah Bent Wahab died when Muhammad PBUH was only 5 years old. After the death of his mother, Muhammad PBUH was raised by his Grandfather Abdul-Muttaleb. Abdul-Muttaleb died when Mohammad PBUH was only eight years old. At that time his Kind uncle Abu Tâlib took the responsibility of raising and supporting him.
Muhammad PBUH was illiterate. He could not read nor write. As he grew up he was known as the trustworthy (Al-Ameen). At the age of forty, Muhammad PBUH received his first revelation from GOD SWT through the archangel Gabriel. The revelation continued for twenty-three years. These revelations are collectively known as the Holy Qur’ân.
When Muhammad PBUH began to recite the Qur’ân and to preach the truth revealed by God, the non-believers began to harm and persecute him and his followers. in any way possible. When the persecution intensified so fiercely, Muhammad PBUH was commanded by God to emigrate with his followers from Makkah to Madinah in the year 622 A.D. This emigration marked the beginning of the Muslim Hijra Calendar. The people of Madinah embraced Islâm and surrounded Prophet Muhammad PBUH and his followers with their love and great hospitality. Years later, Prophet Muhammad PBUH and his followers visited Makkah and performed Hajj which is the fifth pillar of Islam.